In recent years, indoor gardening has become increasingly popular for both practical and recreational purposes. Rather than getting your fruits, vegetables, and herbs from the grocery store, you can save some money by dedicating some of your living space to growing your own fresh crops. Perhaps you would like to cultivate some beautiful flowers, butdon’t have the outdoor area for a proper garden. If you live in a region where marijuana is legal, you may be interested in growing the cannabis you consume yourself at home. Whatever the reason, there are a few things you will need to start your indoor garden.

  1. Grow Lights

The most essential piece of equipment you will require for indoor gardening is a set of effective and efficient grow lights. Proper lighting is vital to the success of your indoor garden, as plants will struggle to survive if they don’t receive adequate light. If they do grow under these conditions, they will likely be thin and weak, even if placed next to a sunny window. While natural light is helpful, you will need to supplement it with artificial light that can encourage the growth process.

Of course, grow lights consist of more than just bulbs and requirea complete kit including suitable ballasts, cords, reflectors, and various other parts.There are different kinds of grow lights available at a range of costs, but some are more effective than others. Full spectrum lights are a superior choice because they recreate the effect of natural sunlight by providing a balance of warm and cool lighting, representing the entire spectrum of light output.

Here are the options to choose from when selecting the grow lights that fit your needs and budget:

  • Light Emitting Diode (LED). Although LED is a relatively new technology in comparison with the other types on this list, it has quickly emerged as the grow light of choice for many indoor gardeners now that it has become more affordable. Not only are LED grow lights incredibly efficient and versatile, they are compact and easy to handle because they are extremely light.For a good review of the different styles of LED lights on the market, check out Lumi Growth.
  • Another option that is quite common and popular among indoor gardeners, fluorescent lighting is ideal for cultivation that requires only low to medium light, such as starting seeds and growing herbs, greens, and other smaller plants. However, fluorescent does not produce enough light to successfully grow plants that bear fruit like tomatoes and squash.
  • High Intensity Discharge (HID). If you have a much larger area in which to do your indoor gardening and a sizeable chunk of change to spend, HID lighting may suit your needs. Used mainly by commercial greenhouses, HID emits a much more intense light at greater efficiency than fluorescent, but it is an expensive investment and the equipment is big and unwieldy.
  • Invented by Thomas Edison in 1879, traditional incandescent lighting is easy to find and won’t cost much, but it is easily the least efficient option available. Since this form of lighting actually emits more heat than light, itwillburn out quickly and rack up your utility bill. Even if you’re strapped for cash, incandescent Is not recommended for indoor gardening.
  1. Fanand Air Extraction System

To avoid serious issues like garden pests and leaf fungi, proper air circulation is vital to the success and longevity of your indoor paradise. The simplest way to keep the air moving through your garden is to have a small fan running at all times. If you’re really serious, you may wish to step it up a notch and invest in an air extraction system for best results.

  1. Timer

Although a timer isn’t absolutely necessary, it will take some of the burden off your shoulders by automatically operating your grow lights. Turning your lights on and off at scheduled intervals will ensure that your plants get the optimal amount of light even if you forget or aren’t home. Some LED grow lights even include a built-in timer as a handy bonus feature.

Once you have assembled these essential pieces of equipment, you can begin putting together an indoor garden that will satisfy and delight you for years to come. Happy growing!